In Christianity one of the more important acts of worship is the Eucharist. The Eucharist is also called the Holy Communion, the Lords Supper, Mass or other names.
But why is it such an important religious act and what is the history behind it?
This is the famous painting of Leonardo da Vinci that illustrates the Last Supper. The Last Supper was the final meal that Jesus Christ shared with his disciples before his crucifixion and the Eucharist is a reenactment of this.
In the Last Supper Jesus and his disciples ate bread and wine and thus the religious acts performed/celebrated this day to day rely on these two foods. Even though the Eucharist is common in Christianity the different churches they may differ about the meaning of it.
Both the Roman Catholic Church and the Lutheran Church believe that the bread and wine is transformed to the actual body and blood of Christ. Often the bread used in the Christian ritual of the Eucharist is an unleavened wafer (after it is sacred it is called hostia) and the wine can sometimes be grape juice. When the supper is given in church it might be followed with the words “ Take, eat, this is my body… Take, drink, this is my blood… Do this in remembrance of me”, which apparently should have been said by Jesus under the Last Supper.